What Is a Sharia Compliant Wills According to Islamic Law?
Sharia law is a set of Islamic religious principles that govern various aspects of life. Sharia-compliant wills are wills that adhere to these principles. While the specifics of what Sharia-compliant wills must include varying depending on the interpretation of Sharia law, there are some general guidelines that must be followed.
- First and foremost, Sharia-compliant wills must be in accordance with the Quran, the holy book of Islam. This means that the will must not include any provisions that conflict with the Quran’s teachings.
- Additionally, Sharia-compliant wills must be witnessed by at least two Muslim adults who are not related to the person making the will.
- Finally, the will must be signed by the person making it in order to be valid.
Sharia-compliant wills can be used to provide for family members, distribute assets, and even appoint executors. While they may seem complex, Sharia-compliant wills can be an important tool for those who wish to adhere to Islamic law.
Islamic Law of Inheritance According to the Quran and Sunna in Islam, there are defined clear-cut rules for making a shariah-compliant will. The science of shares regarding the rule’s governing inheritance is although somewhat complicated and needs proper assistance. A person who needs to create will first understand that adequate making for a will. He can do so by using sources like the Quran and Hadith. According to “miraath,” this is an Arabic term that defines assets to be divided from the descendant’s property to his successors, as stated in Shariah. No, the question is what the will is and why it is essential.
Purpose of the creating Islamic will
The main aim of the shariah compliant will is the proper distribution of wealth among the family. It is a Quranic verse that the children or parents have the right to get benefits. It is the portion that is ordained by Allah. Therefore, Muslims need to create a will if they have their properties and assets. Moreover, its purpose is to maintain family bonds. Plus, to prevent making any harsh decisions. It helps in an equal distribution of wealth. People don’t have the right to inherit or disinherit family members. They have to make a will that shows an equal distribution of the assets among the members.
Distribution of wealth according to law
Sharia Compliant Wills are those that are in compliance with the Sharia, or Islamic Law. Sharia is a set of principles that govern all aspects of Muslim life, including marriage, divorce, Inheritance, and business transactions. In the case of inheritance, Sharia dictates that certain relatives must be given preference over others. For example, a Sharia Compliant Will may give a larger share of the estate to a husband than to a wife. In addition, Sharia may also dictate how property is to be divided among children of different genders. As such, it is important to consult with a Sharia scholar when drafting a Sharia Compliant Will.
In the Quran, Muslims can learn how to distribute wealth and property. Although it is not simple to understand. It is better to seek guidance from Islamic scholars who can clearly define various terms regarding shariah compliant will and distribution procedures. Moreover, one can get guidance from the various Hadith quoted from time to time or learn of proper distribution of wealth. The specific rules or procedures for the Shariah compliant will are
First, it is the heir’s right to clear the payment of the debts and expenses that must not be remaining until the death of the decedent.
After that, the calculation of the whole wealth is to be made to distribute among the successors.
The property is distributed in the way that all members, including the wife, daughter, and son, get the wealth according to the Shariah.
What if the will is not created before death?
In case, if the person has not created his will, then the heir can claim in court that will distribute the property according to the principle of the shariah-compliant will. Along with spouses, children, parents, and other family members following cannot become part of the inheritance.
- Non-Muslim friend
- Illegitimate or adopted children
- A person murdered to get the property
- Divorced women cannot claim the property of their ex-husbands.
The court, after reviewing all the situation, makes a list of eligible members and distributes the wealth according to Shariah-compliant wills laws. It is his duty first thoroughly to understand the situation, call members liable for getting a will, and then make a decision as quoted in the Islamic rules.
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