How Islamic Inheritance is Calculated

Islamic inheritance law is a branch of Islamic family law that deals with the distribution of a deceased person’s property. The Islamic law of inheritance is based on the principle of equality between male and female heirs. Under Islamic law, all members of the immediate family are entitled to inherit from the estate of a deceased relative. The amount that each heir is entitled to receive is determined by Islamic law.

Islamic law stipulates that the estate of a deceased person must be divided into two parts: the first part is reserved for the payment of debts and funeral expenses, and the second part is distributed among the heirs. The distribution of the estate among the heirs is based on a fixed order of precedence. The first priority is given to the payment of debts and funeral expenses.

The second priority is given to the husband, wife, and children of the deceased. The third priority is given to the parents of the deceased. The fourth priority is given to the brothers and sisters of the deceased. Islamic law also provides for other relatives of the deceased to inherit from the estate, but they are given a lower priority than the immediate family.

Islamic law stipulates that male heirs inherit twice the amount of female heirs. This is because Islamic law views men as the breadwinners of the family and women as homemakers. Islamic law also provides for special circumstances in which a woman may inherit more than a man.

For example, if a man dies without leaving any male heirs, his daughters will inherit his entire estate. Islamic law also provides for the possibility of disinheriting an heir.

Islamic inheritance law is a complex and detailed branch of Islamic family law. It is important to seek the advice of a qualified Islamic lawyer when dealing with Islamic inheritance law.

The Wisdom behind Islamic Inheritance Law

The Islamic inheritance law contains, beyond question, the most refined and elaborate system of rules for the devolution of property that is known in the civilized world. Islamic Inheritance is built on a solid foundation that does not exist in any other inheritance system.

Muslims follow rules that are given in the Quran. It’s a holly book that has every information regarding everything in our lives. Muslims live their lives following the instructions present in the holy Quran. Inheritance is another important subject that every Muslim should know about. Islamic jurisprudence deals with inheritance that is followed by the Islamic law.  Islamic will calculator helps to calculate the inheritance that is based on Islamic sharia rules.

What is Islamic inheritance?

It is the right of every man or woman they get from their deceased family member. The distribution of property or shares among the family following the will of the deceased is called the inheritance of the will. Which is revealed after the death of the person. It is calculated by Islamic will calculator mentioning all the nominees.

Level of heirs

Primary or immediate heirs are:

  • Spouse (husband or 4 wives)
  • Children (sons + daughters)
  • Parents (father, mother)
  • Grandchildren (son’s son or his daughter) *Only if son is already deceased and has offsprings)

Secondary heirs are

  • Grandparents (paternal and maternal)
  • Brothers and sisters (if father and son are not present)
  • Uncles and aunts (only if grandparents are not present)
  • Nephews and nieces (absence of brother and sisters only)

Islamic law

Quran has set the rules of distribution that is to the male a portion equal to that of two females. Inheritance is an important part of sharia. These rules are carried put upon the death of any Muslim that is

  • Funeral and burial expenses payment
  • If there are any debts on the deceased, it has to be paid
  • 1/3 of the estate of the deceased shall be given in the will.
  • According to sharia law, distribute the remainder among the relatives about the will

This is to find out among the relatives who are entitled to inherit the will

Calculations

The task is done by Islamic will calculator which runs by the rules of Islamic sharia law. If we take an example of a deceased man who has left 200,000 amount in inheritance for the following heirs

  • Father = 1
  • Mother =1
  • Wife = 1
  • Daughters = 2
  • Sons = 2
  • The amount will be distributed by putting the values in the Islamic will calculations which can be found online as well.
  • The share will go as following to each heir
  • Total amount = 200,000
  • Father = 1/6, 33,333
  • Mother = 1/6, 33,333
  • Wife = 1/ 8, 25000
  • Daughter 1 = 13/144, 18055
  • Daughter 2 = 13/144, 18055
  • Son 1 = 13/72, 36111
  • Son 2 = 13/72, 36111

Explanations

According to the Quran if the deceased left children, parents will get one by the sixth share.

So the parents will take the 24th part of the 144 parts.

The diseased wife will get the one by 8th share if he left children behind. So she gets the 18 parts of the 144 parts

For the daughters the Quran has said the male share is equal to the shares of two females. So the daughters get 1/3 and sons get 2/3.

Islamic will calculator doesn’t limit to the above-mentioned heirs. If there are no ascendants or decedents but has left brother and sister. Each of them gets a 1/6 share.

If a woman dies with no child and a husband, her brothers take the inheritance.

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Islamic Wills: Why You Need One

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